Curriculum

בס"ד

JUDAIC AND HEBREW STUDIES CURRICULUM

Rabbi Shmuel Jablon (Menahel) and Rabbi Naftoli Eisemann (S'gan Menahel)

Revised Cheshvan, 5773/ October, 2012

Contents

An Important Note About This Curriculum

We recognize that our parents come from a variety of Judaic Studies backgrounds. If anything in this document, or during the year, isn't clear or understandable, please ask. We love questions!

We wish to thank HaRav Shmuel Kamenetsky

שליט"א , Rosh HaYeshiva of the Philadelphia Yeshiva, for his guidance and assistance with the first edition of this project.

May Hashem bless us in our holy work of educating the Jewish children of our community.


ה הידיעה

General Rule

The ה has a פּתָּח "_" under it and the letter following it has a דָּ גש (•)*. E.g. השָּ מיִם

Exceptions

ה, ח - If it precedes either of these two letters, as long as they do not have a קָ מץ under them, then it does not receive a ( • ) דָּ גש .

Example:

ה ח דש

א, ע, ר

- If it precedes any of these letters, except an ע with a קָ מץ , the פּתָּח under the ה changes to a קָ מץ .

Example:

הָאָרֶֹץ

ה, ח, ע

- If it precedes any of these letters with a קָ מץ גָּדוֹל , then the פּתָּח under the ה changes to a סֶֹגּוֹל **.

Example: הֶֹהָרִים

*Note: Two exceptions are the words

הלְוִיִים and a word in the פִּעֵֹל verb structure, in the present tense that has the letter מ with a שְוָא under it preceding the root word. In both cases, the letter following the ה does not receive a ( • ) דָּ גש .

Example:

המְ דבֵֹּר

**Note: If the word is written short so that the stress is on the one of these letters, then the

) ( פּתָּח

under the ה changes to a קָ מץ .

Example:

הָהָָֽר

ה השאלה

General Rule:

The ה has a חטָף פּתָּח. E.g. השוֹמֵֹר

Exceptions:

If it precedes a שְוָא then the חטָף - פּתָּח changes to a פּתָּח. E.g. הבְרָכָבה

א, ה, ח, ע

- If it precedes any of these letters and they do not have a קָ מץ under them, then the חטָף פּתָּח changes to a פּתָּח. E.g. האֶֹמֶֹת

א, ה, ח, ע

- If it precedes any of these letters and they do have a קָ מץ under them, then the חטָף פּתָּח changes to a סֶֹגּוֹל. E.g. הֶֹחָזָק

Rabbi Ari Silver


11

ו ההפוך


From future to past

General Rule: The ו has a פּתָּח under it and the letter following it has a ( • ) דָּ גש. E.g. ותְּ מהֵֹר

Exceptions:

י - If it precedes the letter י, then the י does not have a ( • ) דָּ גש. E.g. וי כל

א - If it precedes the letter א then the א does not have a ( • ) דָּ גש and the פּ תּח under the ו turns into a קָ מץ. E.g. וָ א מר

From past to future

General Rule: The ו has a שוָא under it and the stress of the word is on the last syllable*. Otherwise the the ו is a ו החבור. E.g. ושָ מעְתִָּֽי

Exceptions:

If it precedes a letter that has a שְוָא under it, then the ו becomes a וּ ( שוּרֻק. E.g. וּ ק שרְתֶָֹּֽם

ב, ו, מ, פ - If it precedes any of these four letters then the ו becomes a וּ ( שוּרֻק. E.g. וּפִ תּחְ תּ

י - If it precedes a letter י with a שְוָא under it, then the שְוָא under the י is left out and the שְוָא under the ו becomes a חִירִק. E.g. וִי דעְתֶָֹּֽם

*Note: If the last letter of the root word ends with the letter א or ה, then even with a ו ההפוך the stress of the word is not on the last syllable. One would need to figure it out based on the context of the rest of the pasuk. E.g. וְקָרָָֽא ת, וְהָיִָֽי ת

Rabbi Ari Silver

MIDDOT (Character Traits)

As part of our Tanakh studies, key Middot that come from the texts studied are discussed. The chart below indicates these character traits for each month in each grade.

Elul/TishreiCheshvanKislevTevetShvat
1 סליחה
Saying, "I am sorry."
מודה אני
Saying, "Thank you."
הוה מקבל את כל האדם בסבר פנים יפות
Greeting Everyone Pleasantly
ותרנות
Compliance With Others
כבוד אב ואם
Honoring Parents
2 לדון לכף זכות
Giving the benefit of the doubt
גזל
Respect for the belongings of others
בטחון בד‘
Trust in HaShem
גבורה
Strength of Character
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
3 זריזות
Alacrity
אמור מעט ועשה הרבה
Say little,
but do much בקור חולים
Visiting the Sick
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
Part #2
4G לדון לכף זכות
Giving the benefit of the doubt
סליחה
The ability to forgive
בטחון בד‘
Trust in HaShem
גבורה
Strength of Character
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
4B קנאה
Jealousy
ואהבת לרעך כמוך
Love of your Fellowman
אחריות
Responsibility
הזדהות
Empathy
כבוד אב ואם
Honoring Parents
5G עין טוב
Looking at the World Favorably
ואהבת לרעך כמוך
Love of your Fellowman
ענוה
Humility
התחשבות בזולת
Consideration for Others
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
5B אמונת חכמים
Trusting the Chachomim
הכרת הטוב
Appreciation
ענוה
Humility
התחשבות
Showing Respect
צניעות
Modesty / Privacy
Elul/TishreiCheshvanKislevTevetShvat
6G תפלה
T'fila - A Relationship with HaShem
אונאת דברים
Hurting
a Person's Feelings
חסד
Acts of Kindness
הודאה
Expressing Thanks
ענוה
Humility
6B דן לכף זכות
Giving the benefit of the doubt
אונאת דברים
Hurting
a Person's Feelings
ענוה
Humility
אמונת חכמים
Trusting the Chachomim
בטחון בד‘
Trust in HaShem
7G הודאה
Admitting One's
Errors
נתינה
Generosity
חסד
Acts of Kindness
קנאה
Jealousy
ענוה
Humility
7B שמירת הלשון
Careful Speech
תשובה
Personal Improvement
בטחון בד‘
Trust in HaShem
קנאה
Jealousy
אמונה
Belief / Trust
8G אמת
Truth
כבוד הורים
Honoring Parents
חסד
Acts of Kindness
הודאה
Expressing Thanks
ענוה